With a lot of focus on privacy with respect to Internet protocols, novel new cryptography schemes are an important requirement for new protocol designs. For example, Privacy Preserving Measurement is relying on new cryptography to support distributed aggregation of a wide range of measurements in the advertising domain as well as application telemetry. Privacy Pass is relying on new cryptography to allow web browsing across the broad Internet after a single, lightweight authentication to an authority. IETF Working Groups are encouraged to work with the Crypto Forum Research Group of the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) to develop, test and refine new cryptography techniques that meet defined security/privacy goals and can scale for Internet-wide use.
One area receiving a lot of attention is signature blinding. Blinding is used when a message’s signing party is different from the message originator (digital cash, electronic voting are examples). There are many types of blind signature, used for different purposes. IETF’s interest is in how these algorithms work at Internet scale (Privacy Pass potentially being the most high-volume example). No fewer than three results    were presented on this topic.
Verifiable Distributed Aggregation Functions are a key set of multi-party computing techniques for improving the privacy of Internet measurement - split the counting across a group of non-colluding hosts and reassemble it in a manner only the requester (and not the individual aggregators) can see. While there is consensus around the approach, there is work to be done on the algorithm details, specifically around performance and elimination of attack vectors. PLASMA - a new proposal for distributed aggregation - was presented along with a deeper analysis of two other proposals (PRIO and POPLAR).
There is also worry about the forthcoming era of quantum computing and its impact on the cryptographic tools used today. The search is on for cryptographic methods that are safe post-quantum and, along with them, ways to migrate currently-encrypted data into the post-quantum era. Currently being discussed are hybrid or composite schemes that layer the old techniques and the new techniques. For me, the math goes off into fairy land pretty quickly, but if Composite Key Encapsulation Mechanisms turns you on, there’s plenty happening at IETF nowadays    .
It turns out, it’s not just me whose eyes glaze over at the mathematics involved in much of this work. IETF has found that IRTF’s research in this area should recognize that a presentation acceptable to other mathematicians might not be too useful for protocol implementers. With this in mind, the Crypto Forum is pulling together a set of guidelines for writing cryptographic specifications within the IETF context.